HISTORY
4250
12 Apr 2023

HISTORY

     At the end of the 20th century and at the beginning of 2000s, the Gulf War, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo and Iraq Wars have shown that the Air Forces will play the major role in deterrence and in the determination of the outcomes of the future wars.

     Starting from the beginning of the 1980s, with the consciousness of expected duties and with the philosophy of “No matter how modern the weapons are, it is men that use them.”, the Turkish Air Force gave importance to infrastructure, modernization of weapons and training. With the addition of experiences gained from the trainings and maneuvers attended in Internal Security Operation, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo Wars, the Turkish Air Force, as one of the major Air Forces in its region and in Europe, has come to a level to train Air Forces of other countries. The best example for this is the Anatolian Eagle (AE) trainings which have been performed starting from first Anatolian Eagle (AE)–01 training carried out at 18-29 June 2001 until present time.

     As the geopolitical position of Türkiye is evaluated: being close to the energy resources in the world, the political instability and the over-arming in the surrounding countries force the Turkish Air Force to own weapons of the highest technology and to maintain the highest level of training.

     The AE trainings are similar to the Red Flag (RF) trainings which have been performed in the Nellis Air Base of USA. The first RF training experience started in 1983 with a crew of 6 people consisting of 4 pilots and 2 WSOs going to this base as observers and flying 2 sorties in USAF aircrafts. The first participation to the RF training is realized at 09-23 August 1997 with the deployment of 6 x F-16s and 57 personnel to Nellis Air Base. Later on, with the participation of Turkish and American squadrons in İncirlik, firstly at 02-15 May 1998 and secondly at 21 September – 02 October 1998, the RF-like Anatolian Flag (AF) trainings were performed. At 23 January – 05 February 2000 the second participation to the RF training was realized and in June 2000, and with the directive of Turkish Air Force Command, the preparations for the realization of the AE-01 trainings were started by TURAF Operations Command. 

     The summary of activities from June 2000 until the beginning of the training are:

Presentation of AF Project to the Command (30 June 2000)
Publication of AF implementation directive (25 July 2000)
Implementation plan for AFP and AF-01 training (22 November 2000)
Nellis site survey (10-16 February 2001)
Presentation of the briefing to the Turkish Chief of Staff (29 March 2001)
NSC briefing (30 March 2001)
Publication of NSC resolution number 468 on “Anatolian Eagle (AE) – Turkish Armed Forces Joint Training Center” of date 30 March 2001
Publication of EXOPORD (14 May 2001)
Completion of Operation Center, White-Red-Blue Headquarters, ACMI and similar infrastructure (12 June 2001)
AE-01 training, under the responsibility of 1st Tactical Air Force Command, realized at 18-29 June 2001 with the participation of Turkish, American and Israeli Air Forces and hosted by 3rd Main Jet Base Command. The participation and date information for the following years are shown below:

     The summary of activities from June 2000 until the beginning of the training are:

 TRAININGDATEPARTICIPANTS
AE-0118 - 29 June 2001Türkiye, USA, Israel
AE-02/122 April – 03 May 2002Türkiye, USA
AE-02/314 – 25 October 2002Türkiye, USA, UAE
AE-03/303 – 14 November 2003Türkiye, USA, Germany, Israel
AE-04/105 - 16 April 2004National
AE-04/207 – 18 June 2004Türkiye, USA, Israel, Jordan
AE-04/327 September – 08 October 2004Türkiye, USA, Germany, Netherlands, Israel, Italy, Pakistan
AE-05/104 – 15 April 2005National
AE-05/312 – 23 September 2005Türkiye, France, Netherlands, Italy
AE-05/414 – 25 November 2005Türkiye, USA, Belgium , Israel
AE-06/124 April – 05 May 2006National
AE-06/212 – 22 June 2006Türkiye, USA, France, Pakistan, NATO
AE-06/304 – 15 September 2006Türkiye, NATO
AE-06/406 – 18 November 2006Türkiye, USA, NATO
AE-07/211 – 22 June 2007Türkiye, USA, Pakistan, England, Jordan
AE-07/303 – 14 September 2007National
AE-07/405 – 16 November 2007National
AE-08/105 - 16 May 2008National
AE-08/209 – 20 June 2008Türkiye, USA, UAE, Jordan, NATO
AE-08/308 - 19 September 2008Türkiye, USA, Israel, Italy
AE-08/403 - 14 November 2008Türkiye, Pakistan
AE-09/127 April - 8 May 2009National
AE-09/208 - 19 June 2009Türkiye, USA, UAE, England, Jordan, NATO
AE-09/312 - 23 October 2009Türkiye, NATO
AE-09/402 - 13 November 2009Türkiye, Pakistan
AE-10/119-30 April 2010National
AE-10/207-18 June 2010Türkiye, USA, UAE, Spain, Italy, Jordan, NATO
Bilateral Training20-30 April 2010Türkiye, China
AE-10/311 - 22 October 2010National
AE-11/111 - 22 April 2011National
AE-11/213 - 24 June 2011Türkiye, USA, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Spain, NATO
AE-12/102 - 13 April 2012National
AE-12/211 - 22 June 2012Türkiye, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Pakistan, UAE, Italy
AE-12/324 September - 05 October 2012National
AE-13/115 - 26 April 2013National
AE-13/210 - 21 June 2013Türkiye, Saudi Arabia, UAE
AE-14/107 - 18 April 2014National
AE-14/209 - 20 June 2014Türkiye, England, Spain, Qatar, Jordan, NATO
TUSAP Raiders 201401 - 12 September 2014Türkiye, Pakistan, NATO
Turaz Falcon 201502 March - 10 April 2015Türkiye, Azerbaijan
NATO Tiger Meet 201504 - 15 May 2015Türkiye, France, Switzerland, Poland, Italy
AE-15/108 - 19 June 2015Türkiye, USA, England, Spain, Pakistan, Germany
Turaz Falcon 201607 - 25 March 2016Türkiye, Azerbaijan
Anatolian Falcon 201611 - 22 April 2016Türkiye, USA
AE-16/130 May - 10 June 2016Türkiye, Netherlands, Italy, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, NATO
AE-17/106-17 November 2017National
Turaz Falcon 201803-14 September 2018Türkiye, Azerbaijan
AE-19/108-19 April 2019National
AE-19/217-28 June 2019Türkiye, USA, England, Spain, Qatar, Jordan, NATO, Pakistan, Italy
AE-21/105-16 AprilNational
AE-21/221 June-02 July 2021Azerbaijan, Pakistan, Qatar, NATO
AE-21/301-12 November 2021National
AE-22/104-15 April 2022National
AE-22/220 June-01 July 2022Pakistan, Jordan, Azerbaijan, England, NATO
Turaz Eagle02-16 April 2022Türkiye, Azerbaijan
AE-22/331 October-11 November 2022National

 

     AE trainings are realized in close-to-real war environment, with a scenario from easy to hard, with the advantage of high technology and by monitoring the quality of the trainings on the computer environment. The aim is to test the knowledge and abilities of all participants, to raise the level of the training by detecting the hitches and deficiencies.

     The fundamental of the scenario consists of the attack of BLUE team with Combined Air Operation (COMAO) on the tactical and strategic targets in RED lands which are defended by fighter aircrafts and SAM systems.

     The White Headquarters, sort of the brain of AE in which the AE crew works, is the center building in which the trainings are planned and the statistical studies are carried out.

     Command Control Center is the headquarters in which the information (location, position and flight information) of aircrafts, which are transferred through ACMI (Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation), can be observed in real-time. The tracks detected by AWACS and land radars and real-time searching, locking and shooting images of SAM and anti-aircraft systems can be observed. Also the MASE (Multi Aegis Site Emulator) Operation Center, Anatolian Eagle sorties and daily base flights are controlled and commanded here. The main briefing hall, which is located in the same building with CCC, has a capacity of 450 people and the last briefings before Eagle Sorties and the debriefings after flights are carried out here.

     Located in the Red Building, Red Forces plan their tasks and have their briefings here. No one except the Red Forces can enter this building. Also in the same way, the Red Forces personnel cannot enter the other building.

     The national and foreign squadrons participating in Anatolian Eagle trainings are stationed in Blue-1, Blue-2 and Blue-3 buildings. Each building has briefing rooms for squadrons to have briefings and brain-storming.

     With a capacity of 260 rooms and 520 beds, the construction of AE dormitory is completed before 2002 AE trainings and the settlement problem was partially solved. In the following years, in the same region with the dormitory, two dormitories, a restaurant, officer and NCO clubs and other activity centers will be built.

     The AE Airspace is expended towards south and reached a dimension of 200 nm. east-west and 150 nm. north-south. The Salt Area, the main operation airspace, is being used from ground level up to 50,000 feet.

     During the AE trainings the AWACS gives C2 support to Blue forces and the land radar located on the base gives GCI support to Red forces and the Turkish tanker aircrafts give AAR support to both forces.

 

 
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